What is Chronic venous insufficiency?
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a condition where blood pools in the veins of the lower legs. The first signs of chronic venous insufficiency are ankle and leg swelling. Swelling occurs because the blood that has pooled in the veins causes abnormally high pressure in the veins. As the pressure and swelling increases, the skin of the legs may actually leak tiny drops of plasma, which is the pale yellow fluid part of blood. Eventually, the capillaries burst under the high pressure, releasing red blood cells and giving that area of the skin a reddish-brown discoloration. This condition often leads to lymphedema (phlebo- lymphedema)
Treatment options Chronic Venous insufficiency
- Complex decongestive therapy
- Manual lymph drainage
- Compression bandaging
- Nutrition, diet management
- Exercise – movement
- Self care
Goal of treatment
To reduce swelling and edema, improve skin condition and wounds, increase mobility and decrease pain, tightness and discomfort.